Good Governance and Its Essentialities

By Syed Mansoor Ahmed

In a contemporary scenario, good governance is the fundamental and founding bedrock of a particular state. Basically, the term good governance stands for the dealing with public grievances and delivery of services to all common masses with rightful solutions in a speedy manner.

More importantly, a state’s primary and major organs are solely responsible for the disposal of public matters with efficiency and effectiveness. The concerned organs, for instance, legislature, judiciary, executive, and the modern one the bureaucracy are iconic to react all organic and inorganic matters within limited territorial boundaries.  

But above all, the raising phenomena that why good governance is firmly required in current time? After the events of world wars and cold wars, the world’s political, social, economic, and cultural order has been changed. It evolved from the police or security state to the welfare state.

The welfare states around the globe mainly work for the basic needs of the majority. At present time, the four E’s are the very core of a living society like providing standard education plus health, stable economy, sustainable employment rate, and worthful energy resources.     

Whereas, good governance is the cluster of the proactive activities of political leadership, far sighted decisions making and implementation, public or problem-oriented administration. Nevertheless, the credit of good governance revolves around two very fundamental factors, including, the extractive and inclusive economic and political institutions. The formation of every society solitary depends on the internal and external behaviour of the aforesaid institutions. All economic institutions are formed by the people. Inclusive economic institutions are the genuine way to uplift economic activity, productivity growth, and economic prosperity.

On the other hand, politics is the striking reality of the modern days. Fundamentally, in a political process, the people and society have the criteria for chooses of the rules and rulers for the sake of state governance. Political institutions have the potential to determine who has power in society and what ends that power can be used.

Inclusive political institutions are the primary tool to restraint society from any kind of chaos and avoid political centralization in all aspects of governance. Historically, the extractive economic institution naturally accompanies by extractive political institutions.    

Such a dynamic and qualified structure of the institutions run for the norm of equality. It facilitates and distributes the resources among all the dwellers of a country with an equal ratio. 

Even so, the phenomena of good governance in developing countries are very on the grass root. Pakistan being a developing country, is married with a fragmented style of governance. Usually, the public administration is coupled with the slow implementation of the ongoing public policies. The political institutions are under the siege of multidimensional tussles. Consequently, it never allowed the economic institutions to cultivate according to the desire needs.  

In addition, the element of red-tapism is the governing administration at its high side. The matter of public interest loses its importance due to unnecessary formalism and long awaiting of it. Whereas, the foremost policies of import and export are regulated by the federal government rather than the provincial governing bodies, which reduces the flourishing of the economic growth and mass employment opportunities.    

The writer is alumni of the University of Management and Technology Lahore and a Public Policy Analyst based in Quetta.

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